Ellen Swallow Richards is more well known as the Mother of Ecology and founder Family and Consumer Science or Home Economics, but we credit her with modern municipal sewage treatment too.
In 1887, Richards and her associates conducted a water quality study of Massachusetts’ inland waters which were polluted with municipal sewage and industrial waste. This led to the to the first state water-quality standards in the nation and the first modern municipal sewage treatment plant, in Lowell, Massachusetts.
Richards served concurrently as official water analyst for the Massachusetts State Board of Health and as an instructor in MIT’s sanitation chemistry program for ten years, 1887-1897.
Photo: Science History Images
Heating water uses about 18 percent of a home’s energy consumption according to the Energy Department. Save money, energy, and frustration by employing these simple tips for hot water:
1. Lower the temperature and reduce the amount of energy required to keep the water hot. The Energy Department recommends 120 degrees.
2. Install pressure-compensating aerators on taps. These inexpensive devices regulate the volume of water that comes from the tap, reducing hot water demand.
3. Low-flow fixtures also reduce the demand for hot water.
4. Insulate hot water pipes to keep unused hot water warmer for longer.
5. Employ high-efficiency appliances. They use less water; therefore reducing the need to heat it.
Thank you, Tri-City residents for doing your part to reduce, reuse, and recycle materials with our Single Stream Recycling Programs. Here are the 2019 route schedules for Scottsbluff and Gering.
If you’d like to sign for curb side recycling please call:
- 630-0985 in Scottsbluff
- 436-7568 in Gering